The structure of self-tapping screws
Apr 25,2022 /
Each self-tapping screw consists of three parts: the head, the shank and the end of the shank. The composition of each self-tapping screw has four major elements: head shape, wrenching method, thread type, and end form.
1. head shape
Head shapes vary. There are round head (semi-round head), flat round head, round head flange (with pad), flat round head flange (with pad), pan head, pan head flange (with pad), countersunk head, semi-countersunk head, Cylinder head, spherical cylinder head, horn head, hexagonal head, hexagonal flange head, hexagonal flange (with pad) head, etc.
The wrenching method refers to the way of twisting the head of the screw when installing and tightening the screw. There are two basic methods: external wrench and internal wrench. Generally speaking, external wrenching will allow more torque than any form of internal wrench (internal groove). External wrench: hexagon, hexagonal flange surface, hexagonal flange, hexagonal flower shape, etc.; internal wrench: flat groove, cross groove H type, cross groove Z type, cross groove F type, square groove, compound groove, inner flower Key, inner hexagon flower, inner triangle, inner hexagon, inner 12 corner, clutch slot, six-blade slot, high torque cross slot, etc.
3. Thread type
There are many types of threads, including self-tapping threads
(wide thread), machine threads (ordinary threads), drywall screw threads, fiberboard screw threads, and some other special threads. In addition, the thread can be divided into single lead (single head), double lead (double head), multi-lead (multiple head) and high and low thread double head thread.
4. terminal form
There are mainly two types of end forms: tapered end and flat end. However, according to the needs of use, at the screw-in part of the end, grooves, grooves, incisions or parts with a similar drill shape can be processed with cutting function. In some standards, it is also a tapered end or a flat end, and there are also different forms such as a rounded end.